Demand for packaging materials and supplies

The amount of packaging increases. Despite growth rates in plastics, paper, cardboard and paperboard continue to be the undisputed leaders in terms of volume. 

According to the German Packaging Institute (DVI), the total output of the packaging industry in Germany accounts for around 2 percent of the gross domestic product. In Germany, around 5,000 companies with over 500,000 employees work on and for packaging. In 2016, German manufacturers produced a total of just under 19 million tonnes of packaging materials and, according to a survey by the Community Committee of German Packaging Manufacturers (GADV), achieved a turnover of 32 billion euros. The market for packaging materials and supplies can essentially be subdivided into the following subgroups

  • Paper, cardboard, paperboard,
  • Plastics
  • Glass,
  • Metal.

Packaging made of paper, cardboard and paperboard accounts for the largest share, accounting for around 46 percent of all packaging produced in Germany. This corresponds to around 8.75 million tonnes. The second largest packaging fraction is plastic packaging, packaging films, carrier bags and plastic bottles, with a share of around 4.3 million tons and 22.6 percent. The rest is covered by glass (4.2 million tons and 22.1 percent), steel (1.3 million tons and 6.8 percent) and aluminum (0.4 million tons and 2.1 percent).

According to GADV estimates, retailers are increasingly relying on plastics and reusable systems for packaging and load carriers. Corrugated board manufacturers responded with individually variable blanks and combination solutions made of cardboard and film.

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Many of the packaging that is coming onto the market in Germany today is still not recyclable: This applies to more than a third of all packaging. On the other hand, consumers are no longer inclined to buy organic products in conventional, hard-to-disintegrate composite packaging. With the new packaging law, the market is now challenged to find new solutions. The new law aims to promote packaging that is particularly easy to recycle or made from recycled materials or renewable raw materials.

On the EU market for biodegradable polymer products, packaging is the second largest segment after bags (67,000 tonnes) with an annual production of 20,000 tonnes. Due to the oxygen and CO2 permeability of the bio-plastic, these are well suited for the packaging of tomatoes, among other things. It can be assumed that this market will continue to grow.

Faltschachtelkartons haben am gesamten Volumen des in Europa produzierten Papiers einen Anteil von 10 Prozent. Deutschland ist der größte Hersteller- und gleichzeitig Absatzmarkt, größer als die beiden in der Herstellerrangfolge auf Platz 2 und 3 stehenden skandinavischen Länder Finnland und Schweden zusammen. Der Schwerpunkt des Rohmaterials liegt in Deutschland „eindeutig auf wiedergewonnenen Fasern. Dies drückt sich in den beeindruckenden Zahlen der Altpapiereinsatzquote in Deutschland von 74 Prozent für Papier, Karton und Pappe insgesamt beziehungsweise 89 Prozent für Faltschachtelkarton aus. Nur Wellpappenrohpapiere liegen darüber.

 

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